Assessment Standards

Assessment standards provide guidelines and requirements for the development of effective assessments that are fair, accurate and meaningful.


Benchmarks refer to measuring participants against specific standards and learning goals. Benchmarking allows educators to identify participants’ strengths and weaknesses, which can then inform future instruction and be used to measure performance gains.


Bias is a disproportionate weight in favor of or against an idea, person or thing, usually in a way that is closed-minded, prejudicial or unfair.

Communication and Cognitive Bias

Assessment Bias


Complexity is a task’s level of difficulty. Skills for Success are necessary for every job, but the skills are used at different levels of complexity depending on the demands of the job.


Confidentiality is keeping participants’ personal information private, and not sharing it with others in the educational institution.

Privacy refers to a participant’s right to be free from intrusion or interference by others in the educational institution.


Feedback is information given to the participant about their performance relating to learning goals or outcomes. It should aim to improve the participant’s learning.

Formative Assessment

Proficiency Scales

Proficiency scales are used to describe participants’ learning and progression along a continuum of growth. They are used to identify areas of strength and areas for improvement.

Question Structure

Question structure and complexity looks at the specific elements of questions that determine their level of difficulty.

  • Lew, J., & Hardt, M. D. (2011). Controlling complexity: An introduction to question structure. SkillPlan.
  • Mosenthal, P., & Kirsch, I.S. (1994). Defining the proficiency standards of adult literacy in the U.S.: A profile approach. Retrieved July 27, 2021 from
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